When two dissimilar metals are connected, a galvanic couple is created. This couple will result in corrosion of the anode, which is the less noble of the two metals. The severity of the reaction between the two metals is determined by several factors including:

  • The electromotive nature of each metal and the galvanic potential difference between the two.
  • The environment the galvanic couple is exposed to including the conductivity, temperature and oxygen concentration.

Some waste injection wells combine carbon steel and Corrosion Resistant Alloy (CRA) casing materials. Carbon steel is utilized in the upper portion above the injection interval and CRA is used for the lower portion from just above the packer to the base of the string. The connection of the carbon steel to the CRA creates a galvanic couple. The resulting galvanic reaction accelerates corrosion of the carbon steel leading to premature failure immediately adjacent to the connection of the dissimilar metals

Galvanic corrosion is halted when the flow of electrical current from the cathode (CRA) to the anode (carbon steel) is eliminated. A common method of eliminating the current flow has been the use of a nonmetallic section of pipe, such as fiberglass, between the carbon steel and the CRA. Limitations have included the inability to maintain a seal in the connection between the nonmetallic and metallic casing. Drilling out or running tools through nonmetallic pipe has always been a concern and historically has created problems.


The solution is Gandytec’s JGC2012 Galvanic Corrosion Protection System (GCPS). This system utilizes a newly formulated abrasion resistant non-conductive ceramic epoxy coating developed expressly for application on CRA pipe. The tested coating is extremely resistant to mechanical abrasion and chemical attack and when applied to a calculated length of CRA pipe above or below the transition connection with carbon pipe, eliminates the flow of galvanic induced electrical current to the carbon.

JGC2012 GCPS includes a modified, specialty, metal to metal seal, and threaded connection to produce an oxygen free environment within the connection. This eliminates the occurrence of galvanic corrosion within the transition connection. After surface prepping, a ceramic coating is applied to both ID and OD for a calculated length on the CRA material.

The JGC2012 Galvanic Corrosion Protection System provides assurance of a practical and economical solution for the elimination of galvanic corrosion of carbon steel pipe.

Read More About JGC 2012